The ink does not form complete coverage on the surface of print. Random small holes occur in the print. Generally this is a problem caused by poor ink transfer on to the print and has several possible causes and solutions

1 The ink dries on the anilox roller and fails to transfer onto printing forme.
2 The printing form is not transferring ink correctly
3 The ink cannot build a uniform ink film on the substrate.
4 The anilox roller has lost volume due to dirty cells or is worn out.
5 Dirt on the impression cylinder.
 6 Substrate has strong surface variations and rejects the ink.

1 Use a solvent with a slower evaporation and adjust the power of the dryers. Increase the printing speed.
2 Adjust the ink viscosity. Increase the ink film thickness. Increase printing forme to substrate impression. The surface of the substrate may be irregular, pitted or polluted. Check the metering system.
3 Check the condition of the anilox roller and replace if necessary.
4 Clean the impression cylinder.
5 Use softer printing forme or a softer mounting tape. Check the validity of the surface treatment of the substrate.

Helmut Mathes, troubleshooting defects supplied curtesey of Flexo & Gravure Int''l 2011


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The only thing you need is a simple digital workflow. Pre-press Rip creates a 1 bit TIFF input for the laser engraver (seamless is possible). The laser calculates dot formation during engraving.